Bosnia-Herzegovina (Post WWII-Present)


1945 - Bosnia-Herzegovina becomes one of the six republics within the Communist Yugoslav Socialist Federation under Tito (political)

1945-1980- Bosnia-Herzegovina remained a republic within the Yugoslav Federation under Josip Tito (political)

1980- The death of Tito leads to economic difficulties; Yugoslavia is declining (economic)

tito.jpgJosip Tito

1984- Winter Olympics are held in Sarajevo (capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina) (social)

1990-The Serbian Democratic Party is founded by Radovan Karadzic (political)

1991 – Bosnia and Herzegovina declare independence from Yugoslavia (political)

1992- President Izetbegovic, a Muslim, wins the election and declares independence formally (political/religious)

April 6, 1992- War breaks out in Bosnia between the local Serbs and Bosnian government; the Serbs will not stand for a Muslim ruler. Serbian forces begin to surround the capital of Sarajevo (religious/political)

May 2, 1992- Yugoslav Army seizes President Alija Izetbegovic at Sarajevo Airport; he is released the following day (political)

May 22, 1992- Bosnia-Herzegovina joins the UN along with Croatia and Slovenia (political)

May-August, 1992- Serbs began confining Muslim Bosnian Muslims and Croats in prison camps where they were murdered, sexually assaulted, and abused (social)

October, 1992- Bosnia is attacked by Croat forces (political)

Jan 2, 1993- Representatives for the Bosnians, Serbs, and Croats meet in Geneva (political)

January 8, 1993- Bosnian Prime Minister is shot by Serbs (political)

Feb 13, 1993- The government of Bosnia blocks relief supplies in order to protest international countries ineffective attempts to end the fighting. This move draws the attention of European Countries and the United States, causing Clinton to advocate many relief movements (political/social)

April 12, 1993- NATO warplanes implement a no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina (political)

February 23, 1994- War between the Croats and Bosnia-Herzegovina officially comes to an end. Military chiefs of both countries sign a cease-fire agreement. That same month NATO warplanes shot down Serb aircrafts (political)

November, 1994- After facing many losses, the Bosnian forces were on the offensive supported by the Croat militias (political)

December 20, 1994- Former President Jimmy Carter gets Bosnians and Serbs to agree to a temporary cease-fire (political) 405px-Jimmy_Carter.jpgPresident Jimmy Carter

March 20, 1995- Bosnians launch an attack on the Serbs (political)

July 11, 1995- Srebrenica falls to the Bosnian Serbs (political)

August 28, 1995- NATO launches airstrikes on Bosnian Serb positions (political)

November 30, 1995- The Dayton Agreement is reached between the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Republic of Croatia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In this Agreement, the three countries decided to respect the sovereignty of each nation and its people. The Dayton Agreement also divided Bosnia-Herzegovina into two separate entities. (political/social)

December 14, 1995- Dayton Agreement is formally signed by the three countries in Paris (political) 1997-An international conference greatly expands the power of the High Representative (Political)

951121_dayton.jpg signing of the Dayton Agreement

2001-Ante Jelavic, the Croat representative in the Croat presidency, is dismissed when his party threatens to cede from the nation (Political)

2001-Ceremonies honoring the reconstruction of mosques destroyed in Bosnian War are held but Bosnian Serbs disrupt them (Religious)

2001-The main Bosnian Serb nationalist party decides to outcast all war crimes suspects (Political)

2003-Adnan Terzic is appointed by Parliament as head of a new government (Political)

2003-The High Representative takes out references of statehood in the constitutions of both entities. He abolishes the Supreme Defense Council of Bosnian Serb republic (Political)

2003-The European Union takes over policing duties from the UN (Political)

2004-Peacekeeping duties are transferred from NATO to the European Union (Political)

2004-Boris Tadic, the Serbian president, apologizes to the victims of crimes committed in the name of the Serbs (Social) 2005-Survivors of the Srebrenica massacre march 45 miles from Crni Vrh to Srebrenica on the tenth anniversary (Religious)

July 2006-International Court of Justice start trials over Srebrenica massacre (Political)

October 2006-In general election, the Serb entity votes to maintain a split from the Muslim-Croat entity (Political) February 2007-International Court of Justice declares Srebrenica massacre genocide. It also cleared Serbia of direct responsibility (Political)

November 2007-New rules in Parliament are implemented in an attempt to stop absenteeism to block decisions (Political)

Themes: Ethnic Tension, International Cooperation/Intervention