France Period 8

France Timeline
1950 - Present Day
by: Caroline Zitin and Liz Walker

*years highlighted in red represent the theme European Socio - Economic Unity
*
years highlighted in lime represent the theme Political Involvement with other Countries.


1951 France and other European countries join the European Coal and Steel Company (ECSC). (ECONOMIC)
The European Coal and Steel Company was designed to combine the coal and steel industries of France, West Germany, Belgium, Italy, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
1954 – At the end of the first Indochina War, France is defeated at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu and forced to withdraw from Vietnam. (POLITICAL)
1956 France’s colonial rule ends in Morocco and Tunisia. (POLITICAL)
1957The European Economic Community is established with the signing of the Treaty of Rome. (ECONOMIC)
The Treay of Rome was signed by the six member nations of the ECSC to create the European Community, or Common Market. The first goal of the treaty was to reduce tariffs among the six nations. Other goals were the free movement of labor and capital, and common economic policies.
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1958 – De Gaulle is invited to resolve a military insurrection in Algeria. He proposes a presidential - like government, leading to the creation of the Fifth Republic, with De Gaulle as France’s first president. (POLITICAL)
De Gaulle was president until 1969. Viewing the United States as a major threat to European security, De Gaulle had France develop her own nuclear weapons. He also vetoed majority rule in the Common Market and withdrew his forces from NATO.
The Fifth Republic is a centralized deomcracy put in place by De Gualle on Ocotober 5, 1958.
1962 Algeria is granted freedom from French rule. (POLITICAL)
1962 - the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) came into effect (ECONOMIC)
The Common Agricultural Policy was introduced in an effort to combine farming and enviromental preservation.
1965 The Brussels Treaty is signed, establishing the EC (European Community). (POLITICAL)
The
Brussels Treaty combined the commissions of the EEC and the European-Atomic-Energy-Community
1966 France withdraws from NATO. (POLITICAL)
On April 4,1949 the NATO alliance was formed as an anti-Soviet military alliance.
1968 – Mass protests against government policies sparked by student riots (May). (SOCIAL)
1969 - Georges Pompidou elected president. (POLITICAL)
President of France from 1969 to 1974, an important moment in Pompidou's political career was his agreement to let Great Britain join the European Community (1973).
1974 - Valéry Giscard d'Estaing is elected president at the death of Pompidou. (POLITICAL)
President from 1974 until 1981, d'Estaing then joined the regional council of Auvergne in 2004. After defeat in the 2004 elections, d'Estaing joined the Constitutional Council.
1977 - Pompidou Center art gallery, designed by Richard Rogers and Italian architect Renzo Piano opens in Paris (SOCIAL)


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1978 - French and Belgian paratroops try to restore order in Kolwezi after a secessionist rebellion in Zaire (POLITICAL)
1978 - Group of Seven (G7) industrialized nations meet to discuss economic policy (ECONOMIC)
1981 - Socialist Francois Mitterrand is elected over Giscard d'Estaing in the race for President (POLITICAL)
1981 - French high-speed train (TGV) service enters operation (SOCIAL)
The TGV is currently the fastest train in the world.
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1983 - US and French troops are killed in bomb attacks in Beirut (POLITICAL)
1983 - French physician Luc Montagnier identifies the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the infective agent that causes AIDS. (SOCIAL)
1984 - Socialists abandon plans to establish u nified secular education (POLITICAL)
1985 - French Special Forces sink the Greenpeace ship The Rainbow Warrior in Auckland, New Zealand (POLITICAL)
Greenpeace is an independent global campaigning organisation that acts to change attitudes and behaviour, to protect and conserve the environment and to promote peace (taken directly from http://www.greenpeace.org/international/about)//
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1987- Work starts on a tunnel between Britain and France (ECONOMIC)
1988 - Mitterrand is reelected president (POLITICAL)
1991 - France joins the fight against Saddam Hussein (POLITICAL)
1991 - Edith Cresson is elected the first female prime minister of France (POLITICAL)
1995 - Gaullist Jacques Chirac is elected president (POLITICAL)

Jacques Chirac was a very controversial president for France. Chirac was involved in several major scandals but during his term was popular with the people of France.
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1999- France enters into the European Monetary Union (ECONOMIC)
The EMU is an agreement among the participating countries of the European Union to adopt a single hard currency and monetary system.
2002- The Franc is replaced by the Euro as the new national currency (ECONOMIC)
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2002 - Chirac is reelected president over Jean-Marie Le Pen (POLITICAL)
2005 - Two weeks of riots and unrest occur in the economicallly depressed northeast suburbs of Paris as a result of the accidental deaths of immigrant teenagers (SOCIAL)
2005 - French voters vote against the new European Union Constitution (POLITICAL)
The European Union Constitution was created to reaffirm the relations between the EU's 25 member states and 3 candidate countries across Europe.
2005 - Chirac appoints Dominique de Villepin (former interior minister) as the new prime minister when Jean - Pierre Raffarin resigned from the post.
(POLITICAL)
2006 - The government is met with civil disobedience that escalates to violence from students when attempting to reform laws regarding the employment of youth. (SOCIAL)
2007 - Nicolas Sarkozy is elected president, while Francois Fillon becomes prime minister. (POLITICAL)

A few of Nicolas Sarkozy's goals as president of France are to revitalize the French economy and have a closer bond with the United States.
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