Poland Period 2

By Erin Mangano and Dylan Maag

General Themes

1. Political Unrest
2. Economic Turmoil

1950 - The Order-Neisse Line is recognized by Poland and East Germany which gives Poland territory that was previously German's as compensation
for Polish territory that was claimed by Soviet Union during WWII.(
POLITICAL)
1955 - Poland joins the Warsaw Pack Defense Organisation. (POLITICAL)
1956 - Rioting in Pozan over demands for greater freedom. (SOCIAL)
1956 -Władysław Gomułka became the first secretary of the Polish United Workers (Communist) Party. (POLITICAL)
1957 - The communist party won the national parliamentary elections.(POLITICAL)
In March 1968 - protested against the communist regime and an anti-Semitic hysteria followed resulting in thousands of Jews being forced out of Poland. (POLITICAL-SOCIAL)
1968 - Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons signed by Jerzy Michalowski, states that governments will only pursue peaceful uses of nuclear technology (POLITICAL)
1970 - Edward Gierek replacesGomulka as the first secretary Polish United Workers (Communist) Party.(POLITICAL)
1970 - Food price riots in Gdansk but the riots are suppressed.(SOCIAL)
1970s - Poland enjoys a little economic prosperity based on foreign loans from the US.(ECONOMIC)
1976 - Poland had to pay back is debts and so prices rose, riots broke out and workers were beaten and arrested by the police.(ECONOMIC)
1978 - Karol Wojtyla, Cardinal of Krakow, first Polish elected Pope also known as Pope John Paul II. (RELIGIOUS)
1980-Strikes and riots Lenin Shipyard-agreement: workers are allowed to organize into independent trade union called Solidarnosc or Solidarity. Solidartiy is a strong, non-violent movement and Lech Walesa is elected as the head of it. (POLITICAL)
1981 - Martial law imposed. Solidarity's leaders, including Walesa, are imprisoned.(POLITICAL)
1981 - Pope John Paul II was shot by Mehmet Ali Agca in St. Peter's Square.(RELIGIOUS)
1983 - Martial law lifted.(POLITICAL)
1989 - Round-Table talks between Solidarity, the Communists and the church. Free elections and a coalition government result in widespread success for Solidarity.(POLITICAL)
1989 - Tadeusz Mazowiecki is appointed prime minister. Poland is the first is the first country in the Soviet bloc to have a non-communist prime minister, since the 1940s.(POLITICAL)
1990 - Lech Walesa is elected president of Poland- launches market reforms.(POLITICAL)
1990 - German-Polish Border Treaty is signed.(POLITICAL)
1992 - Soviet troops leave Poland.(SOCIAL)
1994 - Poland joins NATO's Partnership for Peace program, signed by 23 other countries.(POLITICAL)
1995 - Aleksander Kwasniewski , a former Communist, is elected president of Poland.(POLITICAL)
1997 - Poland adopts a new constitution and Jerzy Buzek forms a coalition government.(POLITICAL)
1999 - Poland joins NATO . (POLITICAL)
2001 - Poland allows citizens to see secret police files from the communist era. (SOCIAL)
2001 - New coalition between the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) and the Peasants' Party forms government. The Democratic Left Alliance's leader, Leszek Miller , is it's prime minister. (POLITICAL)
2002 - Poland is invited to be a member in the European Union (POLITICAL)
2003 - The Polish Peasant's Party is ejected from ruling coalition government because of their failure to vote with government on tax. (POLITICAL)
2003 - Poles vote in favor of joining EU. (POLITICAL)
2004 - Out of 10 new states to join the European Union, Poland is one of them. Prime Minister Miller resigns and is succeeded by former minister of finance, Marek Belka . (POLITICAL)
2004 - Poland joins the European Union (POLITICAL)
2005 - In general elections, the Conservative Law and Justice Party comes first. (POLITICAL)
2005 - Conservative Law and Justice Party's Lech Walesa wins presidential election. In the minority government, led by Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz of the Conservative Law and Justice Party, is sworn in. (POLITICAL)
2005 - Pope John Paul II died after serving 26 years. (RELIGIOUS)
2006 - The roof of Katowice trade center collapses and many are killed. (SOCIAL)
2006 - The Conservative Law and Justice Party reaches a coalition agreement with Self-Defense Party and League of Polish Families. (POLITICAL)
2006 - Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz resigns as prime minister and is succeeded by president Lech Walesa brother, Jaroslaw. (POLITICAL)
2007 - Stanislaw Wielgus is elected Archbishop of Warsaw, but resigns over information about his operation with the secret police under communist rule. (POLITICAL)
2007 - Charges are brought against General Jaruzelski, a former communist leader, over his role in introducing martial law in 1981. (POLITICAL)
2007 - The governing coalition collapses- early election occurs. (POLITICAL)
2007 - In the general election, the liberal, pro-European Union Civic Platform party wins. (POLITICAL)
2008 - The Polish government makes an agreement with the United States to be a principle to host a controversial American missile defense system. (POLITICAL) country in the Soviet bloc to have a non-communist prime minister, since the 1940s.(POLITICAL)